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What Does the Constitution Say About Religion?

The First Amendment has two provisions concerning religion: the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause. The Establishment Clause says that the government cannot “establish” a religion, but what constitutes an “establishment of religion”? The Free Exercise Clause protects citizens’ right to practice their religion as they please, so long as the practice does not run afoul of a “public morals” or a “compelling” governmental interest. What constitutes compelling governmental interest? What if a situation arises where these two clauses are in conflict?

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